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The state he spends your money effectively?

April 19 category:Economy
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The state he spends your money effectively?

The Institut Montaigne, think tank of liberal inspiration, raises the question of the effectiveness of public policies in France.

Institut Montaigne

In France, as in much of Europe, to save money since 2009 has officially become the new national sport, with rather limited success. In 2007, at the beginning of the term of Nicolas Sarkozy, public policies implemented and swallowed 52% of the national wealth. Five years and two major crises later, at the time of taking office of a newly elected Hollande, the overall expense of the state flirting with the 57% mark. As part of the 2015 budget, the government expects the first significant decline, but still modest (we are talking about less than half a percentage point of GDP) in this area.

The Institut Montaigne, a think tank of liberal inspiration, attempts at regular interval to measure the effectiveness of public policies implemented by comparing the level of expenditure and the results achieved in the light of the evolution of rank in France major international rankings.

Consult the document in its entirety: Effectiveness of public policy, France hold her rank?

His motto: the country has, for years, the feat to continually increase spending while lowering overall light performance. But in detail, the state he spent effectively?

1. Education: rather not

France is devoted to his beloved studies almost 5% of GDP in 2010, ranking 13th among OECD countries most spenders. Or if the indicators put forward by the Institut Montaigne make France the world champion of the pre-school, elsewhere, the country seems rather stuck in the midfield.

Last July, another report from France Strategy, a think tank close to the government, showed that in the secondary, especially with more money, France tends to do less well than its neighbors. The study noted that "if the average expenditure per student is higher than 21% in the secondary compared to other OECD countries, in the primary they are below 17%." The authors suggested that spending more earlier (in the primary rather than secondary) could help lower the overall expense.

2. Higher Education, Research and Innovation: yes

Between 2000 and 2013, expenses incurred by the State in research and development remained broadly stable at around 2.3% of GDP, ranking 12th among the OECD countries. Over the same period, its performance has tended to increase, with a few surprises likely to shatter some misconceptions. France, deemed to be an administrative nightmare for businesses and sharply in the Doing Business ranking, returning to the level of 2007 and even though the shock simplification promised by the government is still pending.

3. Employment: no

In France, mass unemployment in general and especially youth unemployment, unemployment of older and long-term unemployment are endemic. Not surprisingly, in ten years, the crisis has not helped. France, which dedicated to employment (unemployment insurance, vocational training, security exemptions ...) more than 2.3% of GDP against 1.4% on average in OECD countries, is much less well than most of its neighbors. "We spend more than Germany while managing to put half of interlocutors in front of the unemployed," says Laurent Bigorgne. For the head of the Institut Montaigne, "since we know not protect jobs, we should focus on the protection of people, especially through education." He has long advocated a joint reform unemployment insurance, vocational training and the labor market.

4. Social protection: no

Social protection, which includes Health, Family, Retreats and Solidarity itself weighs only a third of French GDP. And if its effectiveness can be assessed differently in times of crisis, the relative performance displayed by these policies are not commensurate with the means employed by the state. "France is the European country that spends the most for his retirement and is vice-world champion in expenditure of Health," said Laurent Bigorgne. In July, France Strategy pointed notament "over-medication" and the weak development of ambulatory medicine, ie the medical care of a patient, without hospitalization. Promotion of generic drugs and the reorganization of the public hospital hired by the government are supposed to help reduce expenses. But at the 2015 budget, Laurent Bigorgne finds that Medicare spending rises again, "four times faster than inflation."

5. Public Safety: Rather Yes

If we stick to the four indicators put forward by the Institut Montaigne, one is tempted to see in the French policy of public safety sign that it is possible to do better with less. France spends 0.6% today of its GDP on public safety. Between 2007 and 2014 numbers are down 3% in the police and the gendarmerie and the credits are still down in the 2015 budget, however, "the measure of delinquency facts raises many methodological problems and is controversial ", emphasized the Institut Montaigne in February. Evidenced by regular weapons passes on this subject between the two sides of the Assembly.

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