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What are the privileged of the pension system?

October 6 category:Economy
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What are the privileged of the pension system?



A sky station controllers 22 February 2007.

REUTERS


Air traffic ... Ivory Tower

No one has forgotten the altercation between the pilot of Air France Flight 735 from Ouagadougou and Roissy control tower, revealed in September 2009. As air traffic controller asked him to wait for lack of available runway, tone is mounted and the commander finally blurted out: "Anyway, you do not give a damn!"

In most chosen words, the Court of Auditors says the same thing. In its latest report published in February, it notes that air traffic controllers work only ninety-nine days per year. And once retired, they combined the privileges of the public service and those of a separate status very pampered.

Not only they double their salaries through bonuses - Income late career reached 7,476 euros, 4,629 bonuses - but they stop early. The statutory retirement age is 57 years. They can even starting at age 50 if they have five years of activity: five years of work, they are entitled to one year's free membership, it is the famous bonus "fifth".

But there is better ... or worse initially Category B agents, traffic controllers went into Class A in 1988, which resulted in a significant revaluation of their retirement index. They benefit, late career, the most rewarding grid of Public Service, the index "off scale A" - usually reserved for the body from the ENA or Polytechnique.

The blast of air traffic and the reality of their profession - permanent stress, night shifts and long vacations - do not explain everything. Originally, the controllers did not have the right to strike. In exchange, the state had granted them generous compensation. But in 1984, the ban was lifted and a minimum service was introduced.

Officials sky so got the cake and eat it too: as soon as one of their many achievements is threatened, they use and abuse their power to paralyze air transport. In 2003, trade unions - whose powerful SNCTA - have obtained a measure reducing the "negative effects" of the Fillon law: an increase of 33% of the additional temporary allowance (ATC), which allows traffic controllers to improve the first thirteen years of retirement.

MH

34,000 privileged in Overseas

Nearly 34 000 people granted temporary retirement allowance (ITR). Originally, it allowed state officials who decided to retire in some overseas territories have their pensions increased significantly even though they had no connection with the place in which they s' settled.

The increase was 35% for Reunion and Mayotte, 40% for Saint Pierre and Miquelon, 75% in French Polynesia, New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna. This privilege has cost € 314 million to the state in 2008. An average of 9,000 euros per beneficiary per year.

The ITR was finally reformed in December 2008. The benefits are now allocated to new beneficiaries conditional: it must have worked or lived fifteen years in these territories and to justify relationships and moral and material interests.

The administration checks if the pensioner resides in the territory although he has chosen, which was not the case before. The pension increase gradually decreases and, from 2028, there will be no new beneficiaries. But those who have left the industry before 2008 are not affected by these new provisions.

Moreover, the officials who worked in a Dom or Tom - they originate or come metropolis - benefit increases their contribution period.

CH

Special diets persist

Despite the 2007 reform, special diets (SNCF, RATP, EDF, etc.) still are. Certainly, the contribution period from 37.5 years to 40 years (in 2012) and 41 years (in 2016) and pensions (usually equal to 75% of the remuneration of the last six months) are indexed to prices rather than wages (which was cheaper). Finally, the period of insurance subsidies are abolished for new employees (as of 1 January 2009).

However, the practical effect of these rules is reduced. Thus, the possibility of early departure for certain trades (eg, 50 years for train drivers and 55 for "sedentary" SNCF) is maintained. A discount encourages interested parties to leave later, but it is limited: for example, a driver would stop, in July 2012, to work 52.5 years (57.5 for sedentary) would not be penalized.

And, above all, the reform was accompanied by generous wage measures, designed to get the pill. What weighs on expected financial gains. Senator UMP Dominique Leclerc has calculated that for the SNCF, the net annual gain is limited to approximately 200 million euros over the period 2009-2030. At RATP, it is only from 2015 qu'apparaîtra a net gain rather low, 23 million euros per year.

This projection exercise, however, is difficult because it depends on the behavior of agents. For now, the reform entered into force on 1 July 2008, invited the officers to extend their activity and the number of departures has dropped significantly: the SNCF railway nearly 1 in 2 continues its activity after 55, instead of 20% previously. That's at least one area where the "work more to earn more" has worked!

CL

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